Mount Rinjani is the most active volcano in Lombok with a height 3726 m, and the second highest volcano in Indonesia, second only to Gunung Kerinci in Sumatra, Lombok Rinjani dominates the landscape which is relatively small.
At Peak Mount Rinjani there is a lake called the lake Segara Anak (Anak Laut), a small letuan Caldera has formed a new small cone called mount Baru (Gunung Baru).
This mountain is part of Mount Rinjani National Park which covers approximately 41,330 ha and is now being proposed to increase the extent that it becomes 76,000 ha to the west and east.
The Indonesian government propose to UNESCO that Mount Rinjani become one of the official world geoparks in 2008. Gunung Rinjani would become like the first geological park in Indonesia, if it is approved by UNESCO.
Mount Rinjani is very active volcano, first recorded eruption in 1847, because this place is very remote so less recorded activity. in the year 1994-1995 was a very active volcano which resulted the appearance of Gunung Baru crater cone. after it changed its name to Gunung Barujari (Gunung Jari).
Gunung Barujari active again on April 27, 2009-May 2009 which resulted closure of climbing routes, because of the cloud of smoke and ash as high as 8000 m. But on 14 September 2009 climbing routes have been opened, except the route hiking into the crater lake because it is still not safe.
In February 2010 the mountain Barujari has increased very intensive activity that resulted should not be doing any activities in a radius of 4 km from the eruption of Mount Barujadi.
At the foot of Mount Rinjani until the middle of quite dense forested mountains. Above the forest limit is barren slopes, rugged and volcanic rocks. The view in the crater lake is very nice and see the sunrise. At the Summit Mount Rinjani could see Sumbawa to the east and in the west Bali.
Flora and fauna
At the foot of Mount Rinjani and in the middle of the mountain there is dense forest with typical tropical spesie. There are also types of green hanging parrot and Kakatua. not easy to see this bird because of thick forest. here looks too gray monkey long tail (monkey temple in Bali), black long-tailed monkey, the deer and muntjacs.
To climb Mount Rinjani is best in April-November dry season. Climb during the rainy season can also be done, but the treks are often reversed in a short time when heavy rains. When it gets above a height of 2000 m sure there’s freezing conditions, make sure wear warm clothing.
Mount Rinjani, How to Get There?
Many tourists come through the village Senaru (600m), on the north side of the mountain, the entry point to the other is sembalu rinjani Lawang (1,150 m) in the eastern part of the mountain and closer to the peak. both places can be accessed from the main road north coast.
Go to Mount Rinjani national parks have to pay Rp 150,000 / person. details are as follows: 13% for the National Park Authority, 62 % for Mount Rinjanii trekking ecotourism programs and 25% for the maintenance trip route, etc.
Mount Rinjani, what will we do there?
The only way to get around and see the sights in the Mount Rinjani national park is to climb the mount rinjani!
Anything that can be seen there?Seeing the crater lake Segara Anak.
Seeing the water hot water Kalak, on the edge of the crater.
Seeing the annual Hindu ceremony, the ceremony Mulang Pakelem at Crater Lake from the 18th century when the kingdom of Karangasem Bali lombok invaded.
The ceremony is carried on by Hindu pilgrims dressed in white, sit and pray that attract tourists to see and get a very good experience.
Climbing Mount Rinjani
At 3,726 metres, Mount Rinjani is the second highest mountain in Indonesia outside of Papua. It is very climbable by visitors with a high level of physical fitness. Critical is to understand and respect this great mountain: sadly, visitors have died here through failing to follow sensible procedures and make all necessary preparations.
Few actually make the very strenuous effort required to reach the actual summit but instead stop at the crater rim (approx 2,700 m) where the views of the crater lake are mind blowing. To make the extra 1,000 metre ascent to the very top requires a considerably higher level of fitness, not to mention strength of spirit and sense of adventure.
Typically, a trek to the crater rim involves two days and one night on Mount Rinjani. The longer ascent to the summit can be done with just one night’s camping but is often part of a longer trek of 3-4 days and two or three nights.
Mount Rinjani height is 3726 m and this is the 2nd highest mountain in Indonesia, so when climbing this mountain visitors should have physical fitness and good stamina. Need to work hard to climb up to the edge of the crater (2.700m). and still less 1000m again until the top who need extra hard work to get to the top of Mount Rinjani. and also need the power of spirit and sense of adventure. Usually a trip to the crater takes 2 days and 1 night. to climb to the top takes 3-4 days and 2-3 nights, because it must be camping.
Many options to climb Mount Rinjani with organized trip, this is the most easy and safe. Travelers can also arrange their own trips by hiring a guide and equipment from one central trekking in Mount Rinjani. Although you are a mountain climber who Propesional, you are required to use certified guides here, because the Mount Rinjani Park make this rule.
The guide here is a certified / licensed Association (HPI). Visitors need a guide because there are few cases of death of visitors on treks rinjani. it is necessary to guide certified.
Climbing equipment is needed here, such as head lamps, windproof jacket and waterproof shoes wet.
If you go to the top, use the pole (stick) to get through the scree (loose rock) at the top is also highly recommended. With 2000m, here you will feel like you are not in the tropics again due to increased heat loss of air temperature, wet and rain may fall. If the clothes are not worth the trouble to set as the temperature of moist air into the peak is at 4 degrees C, often with a significant wind chill factor is extra. You must prepare the proper equipment.
Trekking agencies and Guides
Better to find the center of the main trekking and guiding in Senaru and Sembalun Lawang, because they’re far more skilled and prepared than trekking guides elsewhere. Codes of ethics have been developed for trekking support local communities which include climbing safety, environmental awareness and responsible use. With respect treaties and codes of conduct are some guidelines and trekking organizations better than others.
Many visitors choose to negotiate with the three providers with prominent trekking guide below:
2. Rinjani Trekking, (+62) 081803627365 (firstname.lastname@example.org)
If there is a problem, you can find a different guide companies in Senaru or Sembalun.
Guide fees are generally negotiable. Only Rp 150,000 park entrance fee is set by the park authority.
To hire a guide price negotable and park entrance fee of Rp 150,000 is regulated by the park authority.
Average Price Package trip there:
1. 2 days, 1 night trip to the crater Rp 1.500.000 – Rp 2,000,000 / person.
2. 4 days, 3 night trip: USD 2500000-3000000 / person.
Make sure the price above includes the price of travel, transportation, porter fees, entrance fees and other additional costs.
The Senaru Ascent Route
This route is the most widely used, because it is less difficult to climb to the edge of the crater, you start at Senaru village at an altitude of 600m. Usually ascent began in the afternoon or evening. for till the edge of the crater before dark (at 6). The route past the Post 2 at an altitude of 1,500 m, through the trees until the post 3 at a height of 2,000 m.. To get to the bottom edge of the crater 2.600m must pass through gravel road. camping here, then get up before dawn and walk 20-30 minutes to get to the edge of the crater, then watch the sunrise and see the Segara Anak display icons for a new mountain.
You also can bathe in warm water here, but should decline as high steep cliff more than 600m with handrails and straps.
To return to Senaru, just like when you come here.
To get to Pelawangan 2, preferably via a route Sambulan Lawang, is not recommended through route Senaru.
The Sambulan Lawang Ascent Route
Climbing through this route starts from the track center in the village of Lawang Sambulan in the morning, then headed to Plawangan 2 at a height of 2.638m, will take about 8 hours. First you are going through Heading 1 in the altitude of 1.300m, 2nd got Pos2 at altitude 1,500 m, and the 3rd until the pos3 at an altitude of 1.800m, and camping and at 3:00 the next day went to the meeting. You should get enough rest because the track is difficult, the last climb almost 1,100 meters from your starting.
If you think not able to climb Mount Rinjani and enjoy the natural scenery of the Mount Rinjani National Park. In Sembalun there are several tours that will take you to go to remote villages to see people weaving. The Rinjani Trek Center at the main villages they will help you with this tour. In Senaru You can also see ari Beautiful waterfall with hiking tracks easily.
In the Garden Rinjani no lodging, but there are simple accommodations can be found in Senaru and Sembalun Lawang.
For a more classy place is on the northwest coast cape and Gilis islands close to Mount Rinjani. but most of them tourists choose to stay in the territory north of Senggigi and headed for Mount Rinjani by road.
For Camping is allowed here, where camping is climbing routes, and on the edge of the crater.
Accommodation Around Mount Rinjani, Just Click The Logo at Below :
Source : Mount Rinjani