Sumatra is the area in Indonesia, and the world’s sixth largest island and has great natural wealth. The island is located west of Indonesia, not far from Malaysia and Singapore. Sumatra is divided into 10 Provinces, the Province was among the Other: Aceh, Bangka-Belitung, Bengkulu, Jambi, Lampung, North Sumatra, North Sumatra), Riau, Kepulauan Riau (Riau Islands), Sumatra, South (South Sumatra), West Sumatra (West Sumatra).
Also Sumatra island has several cities, among others: Banda Aceh, Bandar Lampung, Bukittinggi, Bengkulu, Jambi, field, meadow, Palembang, Pekanbaru.
People who spoke Austronesian languages is first arrived in Sumatra around 500 BC, this is as part of the Austronesian expansion from Taiwan to Southeast Asia. With a location on the trade route India-China sea, trading cities developed some, especially on the east coast, and is influenced by Indian religion and monarchy diverse Buddhist Srivijaya. Sriwijayan influence waned in the 11th century and Sumatra, then subject to conquests from Javanese kingdoms. At the same time Islam arrived in Sumatra by Arab and Indian traders in the 6th and 7th. Marco Polo visited the island in 1292. Strong Sultanate reigned from this time to the 20th century. With the arrival of the Dutch, many countries Sumatran prince gradually fell under their control. Aceh, in the north, is a major constraint, because the Netherlands is involved in a long war in Aceh and create many casualties (1873-1903).
Control of Sumatra and the Dutch East Indies became a major producer of pepper, rubber, and oil. At the beginning of the century and the mid-20th century, academics and leaders of Sumatra important figures in the Indonesian independence movement, did a lot of resistance against the Dutch, to seize This independence from the Netherlands, and eventually gained independence in 1945.
On December 26, 2004, west coast and islands of Sumatra, particularly Aceh province, has been a tsunami after the earthquake in the Indian Ocean. More than 170,000 citizens of Indonesia have died, especially in Aceh and nias.
What tourist destination in Sumatra:
Harau Valley – natural area located halfway between Manila and Bukit Tinggi. Rice fields surrounded by cliffs.
Kerinci Seblat National Park – the site of Mount Kerinci, Sumatra’s highest peak and is Indonesia’s highest volcano
Lake Toba – the beautiful highland lake very much on the circuit back-packer
Gunung Leuser National Park – there are orangutans in Bukit Lawang and more, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Mentawai Islands, a paradise for surfing
Nias Island – the second paradise for surfers
Tesso Nilo National Park – an important national park in the center on the east
How To Get There ?
Medan City as the largest city on Sumatra island, has the most international flights to Singapore and Malaysia. Palembang, Pekanbaru, Padang and Banda Aceh and also have several domestic and international services. Most international flights by AirAsia.
Buses connect the island of Java and cities in Sumatra.
There is a ferry service connecting the various Sumatra to Malaysia and other islands of Indonesia. The main port is Dumai in Riau, which is a visa on arrival point and has a direct link to Port Klang, Port Dickson and Malacca in Malaysia, as well as the island of Batam (Indonesia) near Singapore.
To get around in Sumatra, you can use the bus, to the local area you can use public transportation, motorcycles and taxis.
What Will You See There?
The appeal in Sumatra is Nature. There are forests, volcanoes and lakes. In 2006 the Rainforest of Sumatra is not less than 25,000 square miles declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site and called The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra. This area consists of three different national parks. Perhaps the specific attraction is the most important endemic Sumatran orangutan. To see orangutans is limited, for see them go to northern part of the island and probably the easiest place to see them at Bukit Lawang in Gunung Leuser National Park. Sumatran tigers are very rare, Sumatran elephant and Sumatran rhinoceros. The possibility of regular visitors see their existence in the jungle, but you never know.
Also in the north, Lake Toba is the largest volcanic lake in the world at Samosir island was also there, and popular stop off on the backpacker path.
In a nation’s active volcano, Mount Kerinci Kerinci Seblat National Park, is the highest of all mountains in Indonesia and the mountain has a height of 3805 meters.
What Will You Do There ?
Off the coast of Sumatra has some the best surfing in the world, and place it in the Mentawai Islands and Nias, this is the most important.
Trekking is the main attraction, with countless peaks to get the sensation of it all, you can get directly from it all.
Look out for Tropical and natural disasters, look out for malaria. Get anti-malarial tablets before you go.
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Source : Sumatra